Successful quarter in an increasingly volatile environment
First quarter of 2022: Continuing high demand at the beginning of the year
EBITDA grew in the first quarter by 8.5 percent to EUR 806 million (previous year: EUR 743 million). This is in part due, among other factors, to positive currency effects and an increase in total volumes sold. A sharp rise in raw material and energy prices was largely offset by a higher selling price level. The free operating cash flow (FOCF) fell by 94.7 percent to EUR 17 million as a result of lower cash inflows from operating activities, which were due to a price-driven increase in cash tied up in working capital (previous year: EUR 318 million). Net income in the first quarter of 2022 increased by 5.9 percent to EUR 416 million (previous year: EUR 393 million).
“We’ve got off to a successful start in the new fiscal year. However, we recognise there are increasing political and economic uncertainties, especially in view of the war in Ukraine,” said Dr. Markus Steilemann, CEO of Covestro. “Given the current situation, it is clear that – now more than ever – we have to reduce long term dependency on fossil raw materials. Covestro is part of the solution to that: Without the chemical industry, the transformation to a sustainable industry landscape isn’t possible.”
Reduced earnings outlook for 2022
Given the ongoing coronavirus-lockdown in China, particularly around the Shanghai region, further significantly increasing energy and raw material costs and an assumed lower than expected global economic growth, Covestro reduced its guidance for fiscal year 2022 on May 2, 2022. The Group now expects EBITDA will be EUR 2.0 billion to EUR 2.5 billion (previous: EUR 2.5 billion to EUR 3.0 billion) and the FOCF will be EUR 400 million to EUR 900 million for the full year (previous: between EUR 1.0 billion and EUR 1.5 billion). The Group anticipates a return on capital employed over weighted average cost of capital (ROCE over WACC) between one percentage point and five percentage points (previous: between five and nine percentage points). Covestro’s greenhouse gas emissions measured as CO2 equivalents are now projected to rise to between 5.5 million and 6.0 million metric tons (previous: between 5.6 and 6.1 million metric tons). The Group anticipates EBITDA for the second quarter will be EUR 430 million to EUR 530 million.
“We benefited from continuing high demand in the first quarter. Since the Ukraine war began, however, we have seen a significant increase in the risks to our energy supply and supply chains. That is compounded by a weakening global economy, as well as the challenges still posed by the impacts and restrictions related to the coronavirus pandemic, in particular in China,” stated Dr. Thomas Toepfer, CFO of Covestro. “We have consequently decided to adjust our guidance for the full year. We are continuously monitoring further developments so that we can steer Covestro as best as possible through these times.”
After Covestro restructured its setup last year by reorganizing its three former reportable segments into the segments “Performance Materials” and “Solutions & Specialties,” the Group is reporting in its new control system for the first time in fiscal 2022. Instead of core volume growth as a KPI, Covestro has used EBITDA as a key indicator for growth since the beginning of the year. The company has also added a sustainability component for the first time, which is measured by direct and indirect (scope 1 and 2) greenhouse gas emissions.
Progress toward a circular economy and climate neutrality
Covestro announced an ambitious climate target in March 2022: The Group is striving to become climate neutral and to reach net-zero emissions1 by 2035. To achieve this, the company aims to reduce GHG emissions from its own production activities (scope 1) and from external energy sources (scope 2) by 60 percent to 2.2 million metric tons by 2030. In addition, indirect greenhouse gas emissions from upstream and downstream processes in the value chain (scope 3) are to be reduced further; a target for cutting them is to be defined in 2023. ??In the long term, Covestro aims to offer a climate neutral version of every product and is expanding its portfolio continuously. For example, the company has been supplying its customers with the world’s first climate neutral2 polycarbonate since 2021. That was followed by inclusion of the world’s first climate neutral MDI in the product range in February 2022. As a result, Covestro is significantly reducing its carbon footprint from cradle to gate, helping its customers achieve their climate targets, and driving the transition to a circular economy.
Covestro made further progress on its path to meeting its ambitious climate targets and becoming fully circular in the first quarter of 2022. For example, the Group announced that it had finalised a joint agreement relating to the supply of up to 100,000 metric tons of green hydrogen and its derivatives with Fortescue Future Industries (FFI), a global green energy company based in Australia, at the beginning of the year. The deliveries, which could start as early as 2024, are intended for production sites in Asia, North America and Europe and will help Covestro reduce its GHG emissions by as much as 900,000 metric tons of CO2 a year.
Sales growth in both segments
Sales in the Performance Materials segment increased by 37.2 percent to EUR 2.4 billion in the first quarter of 2022 (previous year: EUR 1.7 billion). The largest positive effect came from Covestro’s still advantageous competitive situation, which resulted in high average selling prices. EBITDA in Performance Materials fell slightly by 1.6 percent to EUR 620 million, but was nevertheless almost at the level of the prior-year quarter (previous year: EUR 630 million). This was largely the result of higher raw material and energy prices, which were able to be largely compensated for, albeit not fully, thus resulting in lower margins. The free operating cash flow fell by 56.8 percent to EUR 112 million (previous year: EUR 259 million), mainly because of a larger amount of cash tied up in working capital. ??The Solutions & Specialties segment posted a 45.3 percent increase in sales to EUR 2.2 billion in the first three months of fiscal 2022 (previous year: EUR 1.5 billion). In particular, the effect from the RFM acquisition and higher selling price levels helped increase sales. The segment’s EBITDA rose to EUR 224 million, or by 23.8 percent compared to last year’s first quarter (previous year: EUR 181 million), mostly on account of the acquisition of RFM. However, declining margins due to higher raw material and energy prices had an offsetting effect. The free operating cash flow of Solutions & Specialties fell to EUR –146 million (previous year: EUR 11 million) due to a larger amount of cash tied up in working capital compared with the prior-year quarter.
1) Achieving net zero greenhouse gas emissions is defined as a balance between anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions [from own operations and energy procurement] and anthropogenic reduction of greenhouse gases.
2) The “climate neutral” label is the result of an assessment of a segment of the product's entire life cycle. In this case, we analyzed the period from resource extraction (cradle) to the factory gate based on ISO standard 14040. The analysis was then critically evaluated for plausibility by TÜV Rheinland AG. The analysis takes into account biogenic carbon sequestration on the basis of provisional data from the supply chain and the use of renewable electricity in the production process. Attribution of the electricity was documented by “Guarantee of Origin” certificates. Carbon offset credits were not used.